Not so long ago I started a series of publications about the old vans , so Supplement the collection of the next article. This time I want to talk about “van” from the GDR is now non-existent non-existent country of the Eastern bloc – Eastern part of Germany, belonging to the countries of the “socialist camp”. We will talk about the car Barkas B1000. Why “minivan” I took the quotes? Yes because such thing at that time simply did not exist, although the bus can safely be attributed to this class.
Barkas B1000 was released in 1961, succeeding produced before the van Framo V901 factory VEB Barkas-Werke in Chemnitz. The car was radically different from its predecessor. Fairly modern design – fresh design, the cab-over-engine, front-wheel drive, independent torsion bar suspension all wheels marked him out among the army of light commercial vehicles of that time. Even 3 cylinder two-stroke engine 0,9 HP 43 HP, Barkas B-1000-blaul-Thiele-271109-01 leading his descent from manufacturers motorcycle DKW, was not an anachronism, although it was already considered obsolete. Using structural elements, components and assemblies of a car Wartburg 311 German engineers have created a light delivery vehicle, numerous modifications – passenger van, pickup truck, enclosed van, etc. the Car has become vivid and memorable exterior. From car Wartburg 311, Barkas inherited and the engine is a three cylinder two-stroke gasoline engine displacement of 0.9 liters type AWE 311, with a capacity of 43 PS and four speed gearbox. Later this engine was replaced by the streamlined AWE 312 volume 0,992 l and 46 PS Maximum speed, which was able to develop the car was 110 km/h in spite of the art at that time the appearance of this car, many technical solutions have been deprecated. For example, the engine does not have its own lubrication system and the oil was added directly to the gasoline. Instead of the usual CV joints, transmitting torque to the wheels, was used cardan transmission, and drive on one of the wheels could be turned off. Brake system on the early models was double-circuit is only on the front wheels and with a mechanical drive. The cabin was heated by the auxiliary heater. Although it had its advantages – the car was quite Barkas-B1000-Polizei-JThiele-240808 reliable and easy to repair, and most importantly cheap to manufacture.
Barkas was produced in a wide range of body styles: minivan, van, pickup truck (side platform), chassis, as well as special performances: ambulance, a small fire truck, army truck. Minibus enjoyed success outside of the GDR, so it can still be seen on the expanses of the former Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact Poland, Czech Republic etc But the lack of competition has done its dirty work – barkas was produced without any changes until 1989, and even attempted modernization (installing the engine of Volkswagen 1.3 l) was saved from imminent – the car is hopelessly out of date. After the reunification of Germany, the plant Barkas was bought by Volkswagen, and the new leadership turned Proizvodstvo 30 years of production (1961-1991) was made 175.740 hire B1000. Many of them are still preserved, they can even be found on our roads.